CHALLENGES TO THE UNRESOLVED TRANSBOUNDARY HAZE ISSUE IN SOUTHEST ASIA REGION FROM MALAYSIA PERSPECTIVE
The Association of Southeast Asian Nations was established on 8 August 1967 through Bangkok Declaration. One of the main concerns of ASEAN is the environmental security in this region. Transboundary haze has been an annual occurrence in Southeast Asia region since 1980’s and the disastrous events in 1997-1998 episodes had marked severe impacts to Indonesia and neighbouring countries. Thus, ASEAN has been active in the control of haze pollution from peatland and forest fires. The core study will focus from Malaysia perspective on the challenges or obstacles to the unresolved transboundary haze issue in Southeast Asia region. The objectives of this study are to study the impacts of non interference principle, to analyse the regional cooperation in ASEAN member countries and last but not least, to evaluate the effectiveness of implementation of laws, policies and Agreement on Transboundary Haze Pollution in tackling the transboundary haze issue. The sample of this study are representatives of each organization such as Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment, Centre of Environment, Technology and Development, Malaysia and academician from Universiti of Malaya who experts on transboundary haze in Southeast Asia region. This study employs qualitative research method where interviews are being used in order to investigate the key objectives. The non interference principle that has been practicing by ASEAN gave impacts in tackling the transboundary haze issue. Besides that, there is lack of regional cooperation in ASEAN member countries and poor implementation of laws, policies and ATHP in which aborted the efforts to curb this matter. Hence, this study suggests that since the haze does not only affects Indonesia solely but the impacts spill over to neighbouring countries particularly on Malaysia and Singapore thus, Indonesia and ASEAN play major roles in addressing this issue and pragmatic solutions are needed to this transboundary issue.
DONA ROFITHOH BINTI DON RAMLI
Master in International Relations and Diplomacy (MIRAD)